Postmodern era criticizes the weakness of modern thought, especially in the social-humanities field. The treatment against the science of humanity is not enough by only using empirical science which is usually manifested in the aspect of quantification. Humans are animal symbolicum. Symbols created by humans are not directly visible through empirical observations. Therefore, positivistic research is not sufficient for social humanities research and education. Human thought as animal symbolicum, which has a cultural history and order of values, is not enough to only be revealed by the positivistic method. This gave rise to post-positivistic research models that were raised by postmodern thinkers
Modern human has entered the era of postmodern society. The previous era, the modern era, which began from the industrial revolution, had experienced rapid development so that the current era is called a changing era, an era beyond modernity. The postmodern era has given rise to many philosophical studies which have implications for the world of research. The emergence of figures of postmodern thinkers includes Piere Bourdieu, Roland Barthes, C.S. Pierce, Levi Strauss, Paul Ricoeur, Haidegger, Dilthey, J. Habermas, J. Derida, Michel Foucault and other figures who changed the paradigm and applied methods of humanities research. It was this phenomenon that inspired us to host this seminar and use it as a mean to explore further about the postmodern paradigm and applied postmodern research methods in arts (including Music, Visual Art, Dance, Drama and Literature) and arts education.
We should also keep in mind about the advancement of industrial era. Phase 1 which is the era of mechanical machines has shifted to the second stage of the electric power work system, which then moved on to the third stage of the digital system information technology era so that communication becomes real time and has now entered the 4th phase namely the era of a virtual world where people are connected to each other by machines and big data, the era of the internet of things. Therefore, studies of arts research and arts education really need to change in accordance with changes in the field of research for postmodern society in the era of industrial revolution 4.0.
With all the above in mind, the theme of this international conference, Current Trends of Postmodern Research on Arts and Arts Education in the era of industrial revolution 4.0, provides a timely opportunity to take stock of the latest developments of research and innovation on Arts and Arts Education including Music, Visual Art, Dance, Drama and Literature and bring together educators, researchers and members of the broader community in a welcoming forum, in which they can express theoretical and practical views, concepts, research results and principles to help support the further development of Arts and Arts Education.